Acta Medica Medianae
OBSTRUCTION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT DURING THE GENERAL ANESTHESIA AT CHILDRENS AGE
Ivana BUDIĆ, Verica ĐORĐEVIĆ, Zoran PETROVIĆ and Stevan JOVČIĆ
Clinic for Children Surgery and Orthopedics of the Clinic Center, Niš
The respiralory complications before, during and after applying the general anesthesia still represent -despite the introduction of new anesthetics and new muscle relaxants, modern monitoring and treatment - an importanl potential cause of morbidily and mortality. This particularly refers to the pediatric patients having high minule ventilation with regard to the funclional residual capacity coupled with great oxygen use; it very quickly leads to hypoxemia. The causes of the respiratory complications can be various, but in essence they involve vcntilation depression. respiratory tract obstruction or an inadequatc oxygen supply. These states appear either individually or in any combination. The causes of the respiratory tract obstruction ore numerous and various: they can be divided into physiological and pathological.
Key words: Respiratory tract obstruction, general anesthesia, children's age