Acta Medica Medianae
NUTRITION PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL WORKERS AND
Institute for Workers Medical Protection "Niš", Niš
While speaking about nutrition and food, most people start from a widely-accepted assumption that there is nothing unknown about the topic, that is, that everyone naturally knows what is needed for nutrition. The truth is, however, just the opposite.
The knowledge about a specific state in which an organism subjected to some physical strain finds itself, especially when dealing with workers and sportsmen, has led to the development of a science dealing with the nutrition needs of the mentioned professionals. Today the science has available data stating that the proper nutrition regime increases the endurance for about 40% while, at the same time, the work intensity rises for about 25 %. The changes can be also perceived in the convalescence period duration after injuries; with proper nutrition it also gets considerably shorter. A decreased rate of injury, as well as a longer working life, are the sufficiet reason for paying more attention, in the future, to the study as well as proper use of food.
Key words: nutrition, workers, sportsmen