Acta Medica Medianae
CAMPYLOBACTER LARI AND CAMPVLOBACTER PSALIENSIS
NEW ENTITIES IN THE CAMPVLOBACTERIOSES ETIOLOGV
Otašević, Dobrila Stanković-Dorđević, Biljana Miljković-Selimović,
Ljiljana Otašević, Marina Dinić i Gordana Tasić
Institutefor Health Protection, Niš
The campylobacterioses are diseases occumng in people and animals and they are caused by the bacteria ofthe Campylobacter gender. The Campylobacter gender today comprises 15 species though the status of some ofthem has not been precisely defined yet Most of them are isolated from the material ofhuman ongm; but with the exception of C. jejuni and C. coli, the other species are of less importance for human medicine Beside C. jejuni and C. coli today there are other species of the campvlobacters acknowledged as the human pathogens in immune-compromised persons homosexuals and in overall human population. The gender representative C fetus'subsp fetus, has been confirmed as the main cause of abortion in sheep and cows- it is rarely recognized in human pathology but once it is found it is usually in immunedeficient persons. Since 1984 in scientific literature in the world new entities in the campylobacterioses have been described. Campylobacter lari is a potentially pathogenic species that is rarely described. The pathogenic potential ofthis bactena for people is for the first time confirmed in 1984 in the description of a case of fatal bacterioremia caused bu C. lari in some immune-compromised patients. C. lari is described as the cause ofenteritis, gastroenteritis, appendicitis and purulent pleuritis. The gastroenteritis epidemic caused by C. lari was described in 1985; it emerged in an area inhabited by seagulls. C. upsaliensis is today confirmed as a campylobacter species causing diarrhea and bacteremia in healthy and immune-compromised persons. This microorganism can be even more frequent cause ofgastroenteritis than shown by official data.
Key words: Campylobacteriosis, campylobacter lari, campylobacter upsaliensis