No 2, April, 2003
YU ISSN 0365-4478
Očna klinika Kliničkog centra,
Braće Tasković 48
Srbija i Crna Gora
REFRACTIVE ANOMALIES OF
AMBLYOPIC CHILDREN WITH AND WITHOUT STRABISMUS
Predrag Jovanović i
Očna klinika Kliničkog centra u Nišu
Refractive anomalies occur when the ratio of the refraction ability and the eye
length is distrurbed. Amblyopia isunderstood as dimness of vision without
detectable lesions of the eye.
The aim of the paper is to analyze refractive anomalies occurring in amblyopic
children without of with strabismus. The cards of the children suffering from
amblyopia and of five of more years of age have been singled out. The number of
children obtained in that way is 243. Under special observation were bilateral
and unilateral amblyopias and refractive anomalies in children both with and
Out of 243 children there are 153 without strabismus (the majority of them
reported for examination at the age of seven) and 90 with strabismus (the
majority of them reported at the age of five). In both the groups bilateral and
unilateral amblyopia was registered so that the overall number of the observed
amblyopic eyes was 369.
In the children without strabismus we mostly found light amblyopia while in the
froup of children with strabismus we found, in a great number, medium serious
amblyopia while the presence of serious amblypia was also detected. As for
refractive anomalies in both the groups of amblyopic children the most freqent
were hypermetropic astigmatism and hypermetropia.
Because of refractive anomalies as well as with strabismus with small angle,
amblyopias are often discovered only when sharpness if vision is being checked;
therefore, of great importance are regular systematic examinations of vision
sharpness of younger children. Acta Medica Medianae 2003; 42 (2): 41-47.
Key words: refractive anomalies, amblyopic children, strabismus