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Acta Medica Medianae
Vol. 46, No 4, December, 2007
UDK 61
YU ISSN 0365-4478




Contakt: Julija Radojicic
24 Orlovića Pavla Street
18000 Nis, Serbia
Phone: 018 521 912
E-mail: ortodent@bankerinter.net


Julija Radojicic 1, Tatjana Tanic 1, Andrija Radojicic 2, Aleksandar Radojicic 2 and Zorica Blazej1


Clinic of Dentistry in Nis1
"ORTODENT" in Nis2



Regular physical activity and good physical condition are widely accepted as factors that reduce all-cause mortality and improve a number of health outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise training on cardiovascular parameters and reduction of visceral obesity in patients with stabile coronary artery disease participating in a cardiovascular rehabilitation exercise program. Fifty-two patients with stable coronary heart disease who had been accepted into the outpatient Phase II cardiovascular rehabilitation program at the Institute for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Cardiovascular Diseases Niska Banja, Nis, Serbia, were recruited for this study. All patients were divided into two groups: group with stable coronary heart disease who had regular aerobic physical training during 6 weeks and control without physical training. There were not significant differences in body weight, body mass index, waist circumference and waist /hip ratio in start and at the end of physical training program. Physical training did not reduce the above mentioned parameters after 6 weeks. There were not significant differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure at the beginning and at the end of the observed period. In group with physical training, a significant reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressure after cardiovascular rehabilitation were reported (p<0.05). In patients with moderate aerobic physical training, a significant decrease in the heart rate was registered after the 6-week follow-up (p<0.05), while heart rate was significantly lower in this group compared to group with sedentary lifestyle (p<0.05). The effects of the 6-week cardiovascular rehabilitation on lipid parameters is visible only in slight reduction of triglyceride values in group with physical training (p<0.05). The concentration of triglycerides were significantly lower in this group compared to sedentary patients after the 6-week follow-up (p<0.05). Dynamic training can improve blood pressure in patients with moderate to severe hypertension and reduce the need for medication. Exercise programs induced favorable adaptations on total cholesterol, triglycerides, and body composition. Acta Medica Medianae 2007;46(4):34-37.

Key words: physical activity, cardiovascular parameters, obesity

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