Acta Medica Medianae
Hercegovačka 4, 36300 Novi Pazar
Muamer Suljić1 and Aleksandar Jovanović2
The basic pathohistological substrate of vascular complications is atherosclerotic plaque and, therefore, the adequate treatment of patients with vascular disease is conditioned by timely and precise diagnosis. The introduction of ultrasound technology in clinical practice was enabled by Edler and Hertz in 1954, when they presented the myocardial motions, then by Yoshida in 1956, Sotomura in 1959, and Frenklin in 1961, who used ultrasound to display the blood flow in the human blood vessels.
The aim of our study was to determine the incidence and vulnerability of plaques in the carotid arteries and to examine the association between plaque vulnerability and visceral fat thickness in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2.
The investigation involved 82 subjects divided into two groups. The first group included 51 subjects suffering from diabetes mellitus type 2, while the second group involved 31 healthy controls.
Among the examinees, a significantly higher incidence of plaque vulnerability was reported in the patients suffering from diabetes melitus type 2. Average thickness of intraabdominal fatty tissue was significantly higher in the patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 compared to controls. The incidence of vulnerable plaques significantly correlated with diabetes mellitus incidence and thickness of intraabdominal fatty tissue.
Visceral obesity and diabetes mellitus type 2 showed significant association with atherosclerosis. Ultrasound determination of carotid stenosis and intraabdominal fatty tissue thickness are the most important criteria for classification of patients with high risk of ischemic stroke. Acta Medica Medianae 2009;48(4):40-44.
Key words: plaque, carotid artery, visceral fat, diabetes mellitus