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Department of Pharmacology
Al Shifa College of Pharmacy
Perintalmanna, Malappuram, India
A Study on Chikungunya cases in Palakkad, India
Marimuthu Karthikeyan1 and Meenakshi K. Deepa2
Department of Pharmacology, Al Shifa College of Pharmacy, Poonthavanam, Kizhattur (PO), Perintalmanna, Malappuram District, Kerala State, India1
Department of Pharmaceutics, Nehru College of Pharmacy, Pambady,Triruvilwamala, Thrissur District, Kerala State, India2
A study was done on Chikungunya in the Kalpathy village, Palakkad which was moderately affected. The aim of the survey was to understand the nature and magnitude of the Chikungunya fever, the clinical signs and symptoms.
A total number of 107 cases was surveyed door to door at six different localities in the Kalpathy village of the Palakkad district. The patient history, clinical signs and symptoms of the Chikungunya cases were recorded. The signs and symptoms recorded were fever, chills, arthalgia, eye pain, headache, edema, rash, oral ulcers, itch, myalgia, sore throat, distaste, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, neck pain, hypotension, dermatitis, dizziness and hyperpigmentation.
The major symtopms were fever (100%), arthralgia (85.04%),vomiting (32.71%) edema (30.84%), myalgia (28.97%) and chills (28.03%). Significant differences were observed in the following symptoms, like eye pain (6.54%), back pain (20.56%), headache (19.62%), rash (13.08%), oral ulcer (1.82%), itch (14.01%), hyper- pigmentation (1.89%), sore throat (9.34%), distaste (16.84%), backache (20.56%) diarrhoea (2.82%) and dizziness (3.73%). Chikungunya more severely affected the age group >35 years and the above mentioned symptoms were less commonly seen in the age group <30 years compared to the above age group.
Chikugunya was found to be the major vector-borne disease in the Kerala state. The major clinical symptoms in affected cases were fever, chill, myalgia, vomiting ,edema and arthralgia. Edema, myalgia and artralgia were prolonged (>6 months). Acta Medica Medianae 2011;50(1):17-21.
Keys words: Chikugunya, symptoms, Palakkad, India