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Acta Medica Medianae
Vol. 50, No 4, December, 2011

UDK 61
ISSN 0365-4478(Printed version)
ISSN 1821-2794(Online)


Correspondence to:

Nataša Đinđić

University of Niš, Faculty of Medicine Bul. dr Zorana Đinđića 81 18000 Niš, Serbia E-mail: natasa_dj@medfak.ni.ac.rs

Review article                                                                                         

UDC: 613.62:614.875




 Radiofrequency and Microwave Radiation Health Effects and Occupational Exposure


Nataša Đinđić1, Jovica Jovanović1,2, Vladica Veličković1, Ivana Damnjanović1, Boris Đinđić1 and Jelena Radović1



University of Niš, Faculty of Medicine, Niš, Serbia1

Institute for Occupational Health Protection, Niš, Serbia2



In the recent years, there have been considerable discussion and concern about the possible hazards of RF/MW radiation. More recently, the growth and development in personal mobile communications have focused attention on the frequencies associated with this technology. A number of studies have examined the health effects of RF/MW electromagnetic fields (EMFs), originating from occupational exposure, hobbies, or residence near the radio or television transmitters. Particularly controversial are the biophysical mechanisms by which these RF fields may affect biological systems. General health effects reviews explore possible carcinogenic, reproductive and neurological effects. Health effects by exposure source have been observed in radar traffic devices, wireless communications with cellular phones, radio transmission, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Several epidemiological surveys have suggested associations with non-specific complaints such as headache, tiredness, sleep disturbance, loss of memory, and dizziness. These findings, which echo reports of illness associated with other types of radiofrequency (RF) radiation, relate not only to the use of mobile phones, but also to residence near the mobile phone base stations and other settings involving occupational exposure. The biological effects suggest that some precautions are necessary, and preventive approaches are highly recommended. Further researches are required to give more information about the effects of microwave radiation on our health, especially in occupational setting and professionally exposed workers. Acta Medica Medianae 2011; 50(4):74-78.


                       Key words:  occupational exposure, microwave radiation, health, effect