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Acta Medica Medianae
Vol. 52, No 2, June, 2013

UDK 61
ISSN 0365-4478(Printed version)
ISSN 1821-2794(Online)


Correspondence to:

Vesna Kostovska

Ophthalmology Clinic

Clinical Center Niš

Bulevar Zorana Đinđića 48

18000 Niš, Serbia

E-mail: vesnakst@ gmail.com

Original article                                                                       

UDC: 617.753-053.2




Analysis of refractive errors in children aged up to 15 years


Vesna Kostovska1, Gordana Stanković-Babić1,2, Katarina Smiljković-Radovanović1,

Sonja Cekić1, Milena Vujanović1, Ivana Bivolarević3



Ophthalmology Clinic, Clinical Center Niš, Niš, Serbia1


University of Nis, Faculty of Medicine, Niš, Serbia2


University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Medicine, Kragujevac, Serbia3


Investigation of refractive anomalies is especially important in the pediatric population, because they can be the cause of amblyopia and strabismus, if detected late.

We analyzed the refractive anomalies of children aged up to 15 years who were examined in the Office of the Orthoptics and Pleoptics - Department of Ophthalmology - Clinical Center Niš during a five-year period (2006-2010) in relation to sex, age of respondents, type and amount of refractive anomalies. The study included the determination of visual acuity, eye refraction, motility, convergence, cover test, biomicroscopy and direct ophthalmoscopy.

Among the 620 children, without organic damage to the eye, there were 292 males and 328 females. Hyperopia was found in 54.11%, myopia in 2.98%, astigmatism in 42.91%, primarily hyperopic astigmatism in 28.47%.

Hyperopia and hyperopic astigmatism-related refractive anomalies are the most common in this sample of children. The importance of timely and adequate correction of refractive anomalies in children to prevent amblyopia and strabismus is emphasized. Acta Medica Medianae 2013;52(2):33-40.


      Key words: refractive anomalies, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism