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Acta Medica Medianae
Vol. 52, No 4, December, 2013

UDK 61
ISSN 0365-4478(Printed version)
ISSN 1821-2794(Online)


Correspondence to:

Vesko Milenković

University of Kosovska Mitrovica

Faculty of Sport and Physical Education

Dositeja Obradovića bb

38218 Leposavić, Serbia

Original article    

UDC: 796.012.1






Vesko Milenković1, Biljana Vitošević1, Hadži Miloš Vidaković1, Gorana Ranković Nedin2, Jasmina Ranković3


University of Kosovska Mitrovica, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Department for Medical Subjects, Leposavić, Serbia1

University of Niš, Faculty of Medicine , Institute of Pharmacology, Niš, Serbia2

Health Centre, Niš, Serbia3


Physical capacity of athletes is an important element of success in sports achievements. Aerobic capacity has been accepted as its major component. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) has been regarded by majority of authors as the best indicator of aerobic capacity of an organism, and at the same time, the best indicator of an athlete's physical capacity. The aim of the investigation was to analyze the aerobic capacity as an indicator of physical capacity of athletes, differences in their aerobic capacity with regard to the kind of sport they are practicing, as well as the differences obtained when compared to physically inactive subjects. The investigation included the determination of absolute and relative VO2max in the total of 70 male examinees. The examinees were divided into two groups of active athletes (handball players (n=24) and volleyball players (n=20) of different profiles, while the third group of non-athletes served as control group. Maximal oxygen uptake was determined by performing the Astrand 6 minute cycle test. Peak values of VO2 max were recorded in the group of handball players (4,270,29 l/min), and they were statistically significantly higher (p<0,001) compared to other examined groups. In the group of volleyball players the oxygen uptake was 3,980,19 l/min, while statistically significantly lower values were reported in the group of non-athletes compared to the groups of athletes (p<0,01). A similar ratio of VO2 max values was also shown by the analysis of values expressed in relative units. Our results showed that peak values of VO2 max were obtained in handball players, and that handball as a sport requires higher degree of endurance compared to volleyball. Having considered the morphological and functional changes which are the consequence of the training process, it can be concluded that VO2 max values are statistically significantly higher in the groups of athletes compared to the group of non-athletes. Acta Medica Medianae 2013;52(4):35-38.


      Key words: athletes, maximal oxygen uptake, Astrand test