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Radiation enteritis as a cause of intestinal obstruction – case reports
The role of the radiation therapy in the treatment of pelvic cancer becomes increasingly important because of its positive effects. It is particularly evident in the treatment of prostate cancer, certain stages of some gynecological cancers, as well as before and / or after rectal cancer surgery. It also produces negative effects of which the most common are post-irradiation cystitis, enteritis and colitis. As a consequence of the radiation changes on the intestines, ileus may develop as one of the gravest complications.
The total number of patients operated in our ward because of the post-irradiation ileus by a single surgeon is seven during the period of twenty years. The aim of this paper is to present two characteristic cases out of the seven operated patients regarding the fact that general conclusions cannot be drawn for all seven of them. By selection of references, we would like to point to the importance of particular protective, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures i.e. of various surgical options. Acta Medica Medianae 2014;53(1):42-46.
Key words: post-irradiation enteritis, ileus